Meursault | Burgundy Appellations
Wine Region: Côte de Beaune
Grape Varietals: Chardonnay & Pinot Noir
Production Area: White - 381.04 ha, Red - 10.66 ha
Premier Crus: 19 Climats
Wine Label Requirements: Appellation MEURSAULT and MEURSAULT PREMIER CRU may be followed by the name of their Climat of origin.
Vines were planted in Meursault as early as 1098 by the monks of Cîteaux and has continued to be the heart of the Côte de Beaune for centuries. Being not only the heart of the region, it hosts the title of financial centre, being the common town for visitors and locals alike to congregate. With the famous La Paulee being held every year to bring together the best wine producers of the region to celebrate the end of harvest.
As one of the first appellations to be given AOC status, Meursault has been regulated since 1937. This has allowed the producers to hone their skills directly in line with top quality wines that they have been working on for centuries. Now as famous for their top quality wines as its neighbour Puligny-Montrachet, Meursault has an incredible reputation regardless of there being no Grand Cru plots. How has it become so renowned without the Grand Crus? The ability for the whole appellation to produce Premier Cru wines en masse and do them so beautifully is the key and the driving forces are the vineyards of Les Charmes, Perrières and Genevrières.
Not to disregard the vineyards that are not deemed Premier Crus, the Meursault producers ensure to champion their ‘Lieu Dits’ which are well respected vineyards growing high quality grapes. Wines from these sites are not restricted by Premier Cru status but can at some point be added to the list of Premier Cru sites (and the demotion can also occur).
Sitting at the entrance to the Saint-Romain Valley the hilly landscapes allow for a myriad of soils to formulate and output a variety of wines. All with strong limestone presence it is the array of added elements that discern the ranges of wines produced. At an elevation of 260 metres you can find the best soils of the appellation, with brilliant sun exposure for the vines to receive a nice arc of light between East and South. These top plots consist of Jurassic marls and limestone soils that the Chardonnay grape thrives off. Other soils of the appellation includes elements of magnesium limestone along with patches of callovian limestone and argovian marls.
Often referred to as being rich, full-bodied chardonnays, Meursault white wines have common notes of butter and almonds along with fine citrus elements among the minerals of the terroir. Being nearly all white wines produced in the region, the few Pinot Noir grapes grown in Meursault tend to be Village wines, or for those in the North they are labelled under Volnay.
Over 200,000 cases of white wine are produced each year, as well as around 4000 cases of red.